Charge Photons, the Sequel

In my last post, I asked some questions about the nature of the photons that make up the electromagnetic field. QFT quantizes the EM field, and one of the methods of calculating the effect of quantization is with Feynman Path Integrals. These integrals effectively add in all possible interaction paths, which results in infinite sums that are removed by various renormalization procedures. I claim that the unitary field twist theory follows (or more accurately, underlies) QFT but doesn’t need renormalization–but let’s not go there today. I still am thinking about how electrostatic charge would work in general.

I mentioned last time how there is a paradox when constructing a system of oppositely charged particles. QFT says the attracting force is mediated by photons, which, as I mentioned previously, appears to not conserve momentum. The unitary field twist solution does not have this problem because there is a degree of freedom in the field twist version of photons that would allow the attractive force to work (see the paper in the media section here).

There are more questions though–first, what is the energy and nature of electrostatic field photons defined by QFT? Is the source particle constantly emitting these to maintain the field, and if so, wouldn’t there be a constant stream of photons that would dissipate the energy of the source particle (and if not, then there appears to be a conservation of energy problem)? Or, perhaps QFT says that the field photons are virtual. If so, are these virtual photons mathematical artifacts or in some way real? And what is their quantized energy, and how do we get a 1/r^2 dissipation that is quantized?

In the unitary field twist theory, unlike QFT, I’ve posited that virtual photons are partial twists that restore to the originating background field rather than completing the twist ( if the twist completed, then they would be topologically stable and would become real photons). In addition, since the twist has to originate in the twist ring (the source electron), the energy of every emitted virtual photon is zero since no net total twist results, so there is no energy dissipation problem. The 1/r^2 effect results from this stream of virtual photons passing as the surface of an expanding sphere away from the source electron (the sphere surface area decreases as 1/r^2, so the quantized virtual photon count per unit surface area drops as 1/r^2). Finally–since these virtual photons (partial twists that restore) carry no energy, they also cannot carry any momentum in their direction of propagation (photon momentum correlates directly to the total energy of the photon since it has no kinetic energy component), so there should not be a momentum conservation problem either.

So, nice clean answers from the unitary field twist theory, but I need to understand how QFT deals with all of these questions. So–I have some homework to do. First, a course on group theory–I need to understand the physicist’s notation of symmetry groups and maybe better understand representations and dynkin diagrams and all that–but most importantly, fully understand the EM symmetry group–and probably the strong force symmetry group as well. Then it’s time for a deep dive into QFT as it applies to the non-relativistic electrostatic field.


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