An interesting new revelation or two, thinking about entangled particles. Yeah, yeah, I know, that one has been beat to death. But let’s be real clear what the implications are, they are huge–the Aspect experiment is the single best clue we have right now for understanding further into the physics of our existence.

First, let’s summarize what the Aspect experiment shows and does not show. An emitter generates (say) an entangled pair of particles heading in opposite directions. Both particles have (say) two superposed states, the current (watch out, time is a many splendored thing in a relativistic world) superposition of one of the particles is always 90 degrees out of phase with the superposition in the other entangled particle. Now we wait long enough so that the particles travel far away enough from each other that detecting which state one of the particles is in cannot affect the other particle causally (within the speed of light of the distance between the particles). By the nature of quantum mechanics, it is not possible, even theoretically, to know what state the first detected particle resolves to–but as soon as the first particle is detected, the outcome of the detection of the second particle is instantly (non-causally) determined. This effect has been verified over a distance of miles. This is a paradox because while no actual data or information travels non-causally, the phase information does, since it is the phase of the superposed states that determines each particle’s detection result. That is conclusive proof of my idea that particles travel limited by the speed of light, but the particles’ phase information goes at infinite speed. And, the two slit-experiment, Aharanov-Bohm experiment, etc all corroborate this principle, since they demonstrate causal paradoxes that are resolved if phase information travels at infinite speed.

But my new revelation comes from this: note that the entangled state theoretically, experimentally verified, can exist for any finite distance, even, as mentioned, for miles. Holy cow–this most likely means that the *amplitude* of the phase information *never* diminishes with distance (otherwise, there should be some threshold point where the entangled particles would no longer couple). The proof of this would involve determining if the entanglement holds at infinite distance, since only then could a phase amplitude asymptotically approach zero and still be shown to couple or not.

This has a profound impact on what distance means: distance is a property of particles (in particular, only those particles with mass, since photons in their frame of reference travel distance in zero time (zero time, thus zero distance). The Aspect experiment conclusively shows that from our point of view, distance is an illusion–that there is some observation point where all particles are “in the same place” but interact according to this distance property in some cases, and according to phase properties (not affected by distance) in other cases.

And, this points strongly to another result: all waves making up all particles, massless or not, are unitary amplitude. This only makes sense, given that phase information does not diminish the entangled effect with distance. We already know we can have a system with a constant (non-zero) frequency distribution produce either “nothing” (completely randomized phase distribution) or produce a particle (a delta function of some type, if the frequency distribution phases vary as e^-iw*theta, where omega determines the energy of the particle delta function). Moving the particle in such a system just means adding a changing constant to the phase of every wave frequency, and creating/annihilation means the moving of phases to or from the e-iw*theta distribution to a randomized distribution or back again. Since phase information is affected everywhere instantaneously without regard for distance, the model holds even as speeds approach c.

The maximum rate of change of this constant is determined by the speed c–not clear yet why there is a maximum, it may be that the speed c is actually infinite, but there is a measuring/perceptual issue that appears to create a finite speed. In this model, the rate of change of this constant causes instantaneous phase shifts and can have any finite value for a particle with mass, ie a group velocity.

In this model, everything can be done just by manipulation of the phase distribution of an infinite, constant amplitude wave frequencies. The amplitude would be in some way related to the cosmological constant and Planck’s constant.

This also points out that the energy of a particle is not contained in the wave itself, but in some composite way from the group wave collection. Some type of integral over all wave vectors yielding a non-zero magnitude will produce a particle and its corresponding energy, massless or not. A randomized phase distribution will produce no net energy.

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